Located some 4 hours drive from Surabaya, the capital of East Java, Mount Bromo is a part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park that covers a massive area of 800 square km. While it may be small when measured against other volcanoes in Indonesia, the magnificent Mt Bromo will not disappoint with its spectacular views and dramatic landscapes. At 2,392 meters tall, Mt Bromo is not among the tallest of Indonesia’s mountains but its stunning beauty lies in its incredible setting..
Rising, quite literally, from a sea of ashes in the 10-kilometre wide Tengger caldera (one of the most scenic and visited attractions in Indonesia and part of the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park), Mount Bromo, at 2,392-metres above sea level, isn’t even Java’s highest peak; that title belongs to 3,676m tall Mount Semeru, which stands imposingly in the background, like a bouncer, frequently smoking and occasionally erupting in a blazing fury.
But what Mount Bromo lacks in stature it gains in notoriety and religious significance. The name Bromo derives from the Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god, a nod to the volcano’s raw, elemental power. As one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia – not a trivial distinction in a country where eruptions occur as regularly as the seasons – Mount Bromo has been revered by the local Hindu villagers for hundreds of years. In an effort to keep the beast’s smouldering fury at bay, they make yearly pilgrimages to its smoky crater during the Yadnya Kasada festival (held in July or August) with offerings of fruit, rice and livestock; that’s assuming the volcano isn’t erupting and spewing volcanic ash kilometres into the sky, disrupting flights and covering nearby villages in layers of ash fall.
A Spectacular Indonesia Mountain
The beauty of this mountain has attract many visitors from many countries in the world. Watching the sunrise is an interesting event. The visitors are willing to wait from 05.00 am facing east, in order to not lose this special moment. You also do not always get to see this event, because if the cloudy sky, the sun is not seen clearly. However, when the sky is clear, you can see the sun sphere. First, the sun looks like a blotter matches, slowly enlarge until it formed a complete circle and enlighten. So we can see the mountains surrounded.
After watching the sunrise, you can go back down of Mount Pananjakan and go to Mount Bromo. Sunlight can make you see the scenery around. You will pass through the sea of sand which covers 10 square kilometers. Arid areas filled with sand and only a little dry grasses grow there. Wind, making the sand fly and can make it difficult for you to breathe.
Far far away, behind the word mountains, far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmarksgrove right at the coast of the Semantics, a large language ocean. A small river named Duden flows by their place and supplies it with the necessary regelialia.
How to get Bromo Mountain
To reach Mount Bromo, you can fly to Juanda international airport in Surabaya. There are direct flights to Surabaya from Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hongkong, Jakarta and Bali. From there, continue your journey to Mt Bromo by booking with a travel agent, or driving the Surabaya-Pasuruan-Wonokitri-Mt Bromo route. The journey will take 2-3 hours. It is best for you to leave Surabaya at 23:00 PM – 24:00 AM in order to arrive in time for sunrise. Or you can stay overnight at one of the hotels at Prigen, Tretes, to make sure that you are on the crater rim before sunrise. Ponies can take you across the sand sea to the bottom of the steep stairs that leads to the crater.
To reach the foot of Mount Bromo, you can’t use the vehicle. Instead, you should hire a horse or when you feel powerful, you can choose to walk with the challenges of the scorching sun, the distance, and the flying dust. When you arrive at the foot of Bromo and want to see the crater, you have to climb about 250 stairs. At the top, you can see the crater of Mount Bromo that emit smoke. You also can look down and see the sea of sand with a temple in the middle.
When you arrive at the foot of Bromo and want to see the crater, you have to climb about 250 stairs..
The Culture of Bromo
On the fourteenth day of the Hindu festival of Yadnya Kasada, the Tenggerese people of probolinggo, East Java, travel up the mountain in order to make offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sacrifices of livestock to the mountain gods by throwing them into the caldera of the volcano. The origin of the ritual lies in the 15th century legend where a princess named Roro Anteng started the principality of Tengger with her husband, Joko Seger. The couple were childless and therefore beseeched the assistance of the mountain gods. The gods granted them 24 children but stipulated that the 25th child, named Kesuma, must be thrown into the volcano as a human sacrifice. The gods’ request was implemented. The tradition of throwing sacrifices into the volcano to appease these ancient deities continues today and is called the Yadnya Kasada ceremony. Though fraught with danger, some locals risk climbing down into the crater in an attempt to recollect the sacrificed goods that they believe could bring them good luck.
On the sand plain, locally called Segara Wedi (lit. sand ocean), sits a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten. The temple holds a significant importance to the Tenggerese scattered across the mountain villages, such as Ngadisari, Wonokitri, Ngadas, Argosari, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso. The temple organises the annual Yadnya Kasada ceremony which lasts for about one month. On the 14th day, the Tenggerese congregate at Pura Luhur Poten to ask for blessings from Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa and the God of Mahameru (Mount Semeru). Then the crowd proceeds along the crater edges of Mt Bromo where offerings are thrown into the crater. The major difference between this temple and Balinese ones are the type of stones and building materials. Pura Luhur Poten uses natural black stones from volcanoes nearby, while Balinese temples are mostly made from red bricks. Inside this pura, there are several buildings and enclosures aligned in a mandala zone composition